Agra Gharana

AGRA GHARANA , in brief…

The term Gharana means a school of music established through the continuity of musical discipline practiced at a particular place through successive generations. The Gharanas originated from distinct ancient traditions known as Banis, namely “Nauhar Bani”, “Khandhar Bani”, “Gobarhar Bani” and “Dagur Bani”.

Agra Gharana is a tradition of North Indian Classical Vocal Music descended from the Nauhar Bani. So far, Nauhar Bani has been traced back to around 1300 A.D., during the reign of Emperor Allauddin Khilji of Delhi.

The first known musician of this tradition is Nayak Gopal (see the Gharana Tree). The style prevalent in the Gharana was “Dhrupad-Dhamar”. Ustad Ghagghe Khudabuksh (1790-1880 AD) introduced the “Khayal” style of Gwalior Gharana into Agra Gharana. Furthermore the Khayal style of Atrauli Gharana was added in the late 19th century.

This is the only Gharana that has still continued to sing Dhrupad-Dhamar with Nom-Tom Alap, Khayal, Thumri, Tappa, Tarana, Hori, Dadra, Ghazal, Kaul, Rasiya etc. (more…)

Links to some references:
1.  Agra Gharana, in detail
2.  Glossary of terms
3.  Archival audio

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